Things are proceeding at a glacial pace, which means they’re happening too fast in Svalbard and too slow in the diplomatic world.
But U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, during a visit to the archipelago this week, said he’s optimistic a meaningful agreement to limit climate change can be reached during an international summit in Paris at the end of year.
The positive tone, however, came days after he said negotiations are moving “far too slow.” Furthermore, studies show the emissions cutbacks the world’s largest polluters are agreeing to won’t be enough achieve his goal of limiting global temperature rise to less than two degrees Celsius by 2100.
Ban’s two-day tour was his second trip to Svalbard, following a three-day tour in 2009 before the last U.N. climate summit in Copenhagen. He repeated previous concerns about the rapid shrinking of glaciers, this time having firsthand knowledge of the changes in a relatively short timespan.
“It looks magnificent,” he said aboard a tour boat a few hundred meters from Blomstrandbreen. “But at the same time I am alarmed that there are so many cracks that will soon break. They are melting very rapidly, I fully agree with what scientists have been projecting. Unless we take action now we will have to regret. We have to keep global temperature rise below two degrees as soon as possible.”
But that’s not likely to happen with the currently planned emissions cutbacks. The European Union is agreeing to cut its 1990s levels by 40 percent by 2030, while the U.S. is planning a cut of 26 to 28 percent from its 2005 levels by 2025. China is pledging its emissions will peak by 2030, which is prompting demands from other countries for more aggressive and specific action.
A study by the International Energy Agency says such cuts are “consistent with an average temperature increase of around 2.6 degrees Celsius by 2100 and 3.5 degrees Celsius after 2200.” A separate study from Bloomberg New Energy Finance shows carbon emissions are set to rise by 13 percent in 2040.
Another major sticking point is money, with rich countries failing to live up to a pledge from Copenhagen to provide $100 billion to poor countries for climate pollution and protection by 2020.
Ban, meeting with world leaders at the end of June, said talks are bogged down and numerous controversies remain with only 10 formal days of negotiation left before the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris, according to The Guardian.
“The negotiation pace is too slow, far too slow,” he said. “It is moving at a snail’s pace.”
Ban kept to a more upbeat tone during his Svalbard tour, which included visits to Ny-Ålesund, the Svalbard Satellite Station and a cruise on the Lance research vessel.
“I’m reasonably optimistic we can have a universal and ambitious climate change agreement,” he said. But at the same time “we don’t have Plan B.”